University of Richmond

2010-2011 University of Richmond Undergraduate Catalog

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Academic Procedures

The University of Richmond has, for each academic program, procedures and degree requirements that must be satisfied before the degree can be granted. The student is responsible for knowing the specific requirements and planning appropriately to allow for the completion of these requirements. Depending on the program, the University provides either or both academic advisors and administrative personnel to assist students with their plans. In any case, the final responsibility for following procedures and meeting degree requirements rests solely with the student.

The following sections describe academic policies, regulations, and procedures. If no indication of school is given, that section pertains universally to the School of Arts and Sciences, the Robins School of Business, and the Jepson School of Leadership Studies. When a statement pertains to a particular school or schools, it is listed under the appropriate school heading.

Advanced Standing

I. Credit By Examination

The University of Richmond accepts several credit-by-examination options. All students at the University may apply a maximum of seven units of transfer credit from work, including credit by exam, to a University of Richmond degree. The following are guidelines for the most common examinations warranting credit. Specific details regarding each of these options and advanced standing examinations from French, German, and English-based educational systems can be found in the Credit by Exam policy. This policy is available from the Office of the University Registrar and the Office of Admission. Both offices will further serve students with international exams on a case by case basis.

  1. Advanced Placement
    The University of Richmond participates in the Advanced Placement program of the College Board. Successful candidates for admission who have taken Advanced Placement examinations and have the official results submitted may be eligible for credit or an exemption. The exams must have been taken prior to the student's initial enrollment at the University. Students who have received appropriate scores on Advanced Placement examinations (as established by the departments concerned) may receive credit for or may be exempt from a general education requirement if the Richmond equivalent courses for which they will receive credit can be used by Richmond students to meet fields of study requirements. Specific allocations of AP credit for communication skills or fields of study requirements may vary from year to year. Current information is available from the Office of the University Registrar.
  2. CLEP
    The University of Richmond awards credit on a limited basis for an acceptable performance on a College Level Examination Program (CLEP) examination recognized by the University academic department concerned. Generally a student may not attempt credit by examination for a course in which a failing grade was received or for a basic course in an area in which acceptable college credit has been earned at a more advanced level. Students who have received appropriate scores on CLEP examinations (as established by the departments concerned) may receive course credit that satisfies fields-of-study requirements of the general education requirements, if the Richmond courses for which they will receive credit can be used by Richmond students to meet fields-of-study requirements. Specific allocations of CLEP credit for communication skills or fields-of-study requirements may vary from year to year. Arrangements to take CLEP examinations may be made with the College Board. Current information is available from the Office of the University Registrar.
  3. Credit By Local Examination
    Credit by local examination may be used to satisfy general education requirements in the areas of communication skills and fields of study, as well as to satisfy major requirements or use as elective credit. Students should check with departments for examination dates, fees and related regulations.
  4. International Baccalaureate
    The University of Richmond considers only Higher Level exams in the International Baccalaureate (IB) program eligible for credit. The University may award credit or give an exemption for certain general education requirements if the requisite score is achieved and the test has been recognized by the academic department concerned. Specific allocations of IB credit for communication skills or fields-of-study requirements may vary from year to year. Detailed information on current IB policies is available from the Office of the University Registrar.

II. Credit for U.S. Armed Services Veterans

In accordance with the recommendations of the American Council on Education, the following advanced credit will be allowed veterans:

  1. A veteran may receive credit for specialized training courses and for correspondence courses taken from accredited colleges under the auspices of the U.S. Armed Forces Institute. A veteran desiring such credit should present the record of training to the University Registrar either on the transcript form of the college at which the work was taken, or on the form prepared for such purposes by the U.S. Armed Forces Institute. In cases of question, the appropriate academic council will determine the amount of credit to be granted.
  2. In allowing further advanced credit for educational experience in the armed services, the University is guided largely by recommendations of the American Council on Education.

III. Transfer Credit

Credit in transfer may be accepted only for courses which are comparable to courses offered in the School of Arts and Sciences, Jepson School of Leadership Studies, and/or Robins School of Business curriculum at the University of Richmond. Moreover, the coursework must have been taken at an institution accredited by a regional accrediting agency or the international equivalent at the time the work was taken, and a grade or equivalent of C (2.0) or better must have been earned.

Approved credit earned at another institution will be converted to the University of Richmond unit (one unit is the equivalent of 3.5 semester hours) and applied to the record accordingly. Up to five 3-semester hour courses will be transferred in as one unit; additional 3-semester hour courses will be transferred in as .86 units. Coursework accepted in transfer shall be applied to specific degree requirements subject to the discretion of the academic department concerned. Units awarded are added into units required for graduation, but grades are not calculated in the grade point average.

Students entering the University of Richmond as first-year students must complete 28 units of University of Richmond-approved work toward the undergraduate degree, which includes exchange and study abroad programs, approved visiting away and off-campus programs as well as courses taken through dual degree and cross-registration programs.

Students entering the University of Richmond as transfer students (having matriculated after graduation from high school as a degree-seeking student at another post-secondary institution) with at least 6.82 units of transfer work will have the 28-unit requirement prorated, however all students must complete at least 17.5 units at the University of Richmond. Transfer students who attended another institution for one year must earn 25 units of University of Richmond-approved work toward the undergraduate degree which includes exchange and study abroad programs, approved visiting away and off-campus programs as well as courses taken through dual degree and cross-registration programs. Those who have attended another institution for one and one half years must earn 21 units of University of Richmond-approved work; transfer students attending another institution for two or more years must earn 17.5 units on campus at the University of Richmond.

Transcripts and documents from other institutions are the property of the University of Richmond and, as such, are under the control of the Office of the Registrar. Under federal policy, a student has the right to view the documents in his or her file; the University is not required to provide (or allow the making of) copies of these documents. Transcripts submitted to the University of Richmond for admission or credit transfer become the property of the University of Richmond and cannot be returned to the student or forwarded to other institutions.

IV. First Year Students Bringing in Credit

Students who enroll as first-years may bring in no more than seven units of credit, including credit by examination and transfer credit, to be applied toward their University of Richmond degree. Additional transfer work can be entered on the transcript and can be used to fulfill prerequisite requirements (not general education requirements), but only seven units of credit will count toward a degree.

Credit in transfer may be accepted only for courses which are comparable to courses offered in the School of Arts and Sciences, Jepson School of Leadership Studies, and/or Robins School of Business curriculum at the University. Moreover, the coursework must have been taken at an institution accredited by a regional accrediting agency or the international equivalent at the time the work was taken, and a grade or equivalent of C (2.0) or better must have been earned. Work taken through other institutions prior to initial enrollment is evaluated on an individual basis. Not all departments will accept work taken as a part of a high school program even if transcripted by an accredited institution. In order for work taken at another institution to be evaluated for transfer credit, the University must receive an official transcript mailed directly from the institution at which the work was completed. The student and transferring institution must also complete the Transfer Work Certification form available from the Office of the University Registrar.

No transfer credit shall be formally accepted or recorded until the University has received an official transcript directly from the records office of the institution which offered the coursework. If coursework is being transferred from more than one institution, an official transcript must be received from each institution. For applicability of transfer work to general education requirements, see General Education Curriculum.

Registration Policies

Registration is limited to admitted, degree-seeking students unless specific approval is granted for unclassified status.

Registration

Students shall register by following the policies.

Note: A student is not fully registered for any term until satisfactory arrangements have been made for that term's fees.

Late registrations may be accepted subject to the policies for adding classes, as indicated in the section below titled Change of Registration. A special fee is required.

Enrollment

Students are not technically enrolled until the first day of class in a semester. Verification of enrollment cannot be made until that time.

Prerequisites

Students should consult the catalog and/or department for required prerequisites before registering for a course. Successful registration for a course does not mean that prerequisites have been fulfilled. A student registered in a course without the required prerequisites may be unenrolled from the course.

Limits of Work

A student normally enrolls for four or five units per semester. The minimum load for a full-time student is 3.5 units.

No student may enroll for more than 5.5 units or fewer than 3.5 units of work without the permission of the dean of his or her school. (Arts and Sciences - see coordinate college dean; Business and Leadership Studies - see academic dean.) Enrollments in either category are subject to special charges as specified in the chapter titled Financial Affairs. Students enrolled for fewer than 3.5 units are classified as part time.

School of Continuing Studies Courses

Courses taken through the School of Continuing Studies after students have been admitted may not be used to meet general education requirements and may be used to meet major requirements only with special permission from the department chair. Courses in the School of Continuing Studies will be granted unit credit that is equivalent to the semester hours granted for the course. In order to apply to the bachelor's degree, courses must taken at the undergraduate level.

Students may take no more than one School of Continuing Studies course per semester and no more than four courses in cumulative total during their undergraduate degree. School of Continuing Studies courses are not available to Arts and Sciences, Business, or Leadership Studies students for registration until the first day of class and only on a space available basis.

Change of Registration

Students are able to register for classes through BannerWeb, a secured Web site that may be accessed over the Internet at bannerweb.richmond.edu or through the University's Web site. Through BannerWeb, students can register for classes, add and drop classes through the end of add/drop period, view their class schedules, view grades for a specific term, and view their unofficial University of Richmond transcript. Students are responsible for all activity on their BannerWeb account including PIN maintenance, registration, and security. If a student has questions or needs assistance with any aspect of BannerWeb, he or she should contact the Office of the University Registrar at (804) 289-8639 or registrar@richmond.edu.

Once registered, students may change their registration (add/drop) according to the published schedule. For a regular term, adds and withdrawals without academic record may generally be made during the first two weeks of classes (a change fee of $10 is charged for each change made after the first week of classes). After the end of the first 10 days of classes, but before the end of the seventh week, a withdrawal-with-record period is in effect where students may withdraw from courses provided that they receive the permission of the appropriate course instructor and academic advisor. Students will be required to pay the fee for change in class and will receive an M grade if failing at the time of withdrawal or a W grade if passing at the time of withdrawal. Ordinarily, a student may not withdraw from a course after the end of the seventh week of classes except for medical reasons. The student's dean may, under special circumstances, make an exception to this policy.

Auditing Courses

Auditing a course means that the course instruction is undertaken but not for credit or a grade. With the approval of the student's academic advisor, dean, and the instructor of the course, a student may declare a course to be taken on an audit basis. A permission form must be obtained from and returned with appropriate signatures to the Office of the University Registrar by the end of the 10th day of classes. The student must first register for the course and then file the permission form. The regular rate of tuition is charged, and the audit course is counted as a part of the student's semester load. Once the form is submitted to the University Registrar, the decision may not be reversed. An audited course cannot subsequently be taken for credit unless approved by the appropriate dean.

Pass/Fail Option

School of Arts and Sciences
Jepson School of Leadership Studies
(excluding leadership studies courses)
(not available to business students)

An arts and sciences or leadership studies student who has completed at least 18 units of academic work may opt for one normally standard-graded course per semester to be graded on a pass/fail basis or if more than one course not more than one unit of total credit. The resulting credit may only be used to count as total credit toward a degree, and cannot be used to satisfy any general education requirement or any major or minor requirement. No Jepson School of Leadership Studies or Robins School of Business courses may be taken for pass/fail grading except those in the Department of Economics. No more than four student-opted pass/fail courses are acceptable for degree credit.

Note: Some courses are only available as pass/fail courses, such as internships, student teaching, and some research courses. The restrictions stated above do not apply to such courses. The level of performance necessary to earn a pass grade in a student-opted pass/fail course is D- or better. A passing grade will be recorded as P on the permanent record. The credit will be added into credit earned toward graduation and will not affect the grade point average. A failing grade will be recorded as F on the permanent record. The credit will affect the grade point average. To opt for pass/fail grading, a permission form must be obtained from and returned with appropriate signatures to the Office of the University Registrar by the end of the 10th day of classes. The student must first register for the course and then file the permission form. Once the form is submitted to the University Registrar, the decision may not be reversed.

Note: Some courses are only available as pass/fail courses, such as internships, student teaching, and some research courses. The restrictions stated above do not apply to such courses.

The level of performance necessary to earn a pass grade in a student-opted pass/fail course is D- or better. A passing grade will be recorded as P on the permanent record. The credit will be added into credit earned toward graduation and will not affect the grade point average. A failing grade will be recorded as F on the permanent record. The credit will affect the grade point average.

To opt for pass/fail grading, a permission form must be obtained from and returned with appropriate signatures to the Office of the University Registrar by the end of the 10th day of classes. The student must first register for the course and then file the permission form. Once the form is submitted to the University Registrar, the decision may not be reversed.

Repeated Courses

Coursework may not be repeated for credit toward graduation except as sanctioned by the University; however, particular coursework may meet more than one requirement for graduation. An example of a sanctioned repeat-for-credit is the subsequent registration for a course in which the content changes from term to term, such as special topics or independent studies. Also, certain courses in a major or program may have to be repeated if the grade earned the first time does not meet requirements; in such a case, the credit will be counted only once but both grades will be calculated in the cumulative grade point average.

Courses taken on an audit basis cannot be repeated for credit unless approved by the appropriate dean.

Except in clear situations, the Office of the University Registrar should be consulted before registration to learn if a proposed repeat is sanctioned for credit or if sanction is possible.

All courses taken at the University of Richmond become a part of the permanent academic record. The grade for a course repeated at the University of Richmond becomes a part of the grade point average if the grade otherwise would be included in the computation.

Course Administration

Class Attendance

Students are expected to attend all meetings of all classes (including lectures, seminars, laboratories, and drills) in which they are enrolled. The specific attendance policy in each course, however, is determined by the instructor of the course, subject to the section on University Holidays below. At the start of each semester, the instructor is responsible for describing the class attendance policy in the syllabus and distributing it to students.

Academic events sponsored by the University under supervision of faculty advisors include, but are not limited to: theatre/dance and musical performances, debate, mock trial, model UN, conference attendance, and ROTC field leadership exercise. Because such events and varsity athletic competitions are recognized as integral to the educational experience, the appropriate coordinate college dean will provide official notification of student participation in these activities. It is also the student's responsibility to request such notification and to deliver it to the faculty member as early as possible in the semester. Faculty members will honor notification from the college deans that a student is to be excused for participation in a University-sponsored event. All other absences will not be officially announced by a dean, but may be excused at the discretion of faculty. Examples include, but are not limited to, class field trips, illness, funerals, and family functions. The University policy regarding absences related to University or religious policies is stated below. The University encourages students to weigh the consequences of missing class and other sponsored academic or varsity athletic events, and to make their choices accordingly.

Misrepresenting the reason for class absences to a professor is a violation of the University's honor code.

A student will be held responsible for all work of a class or laboratory missed during any absence.

Note: Students enrolled in business school or School of Continuing Studies courses must attend at least 75 percent of the class meetings-regardless of the reasons for absence-to be eligible to receive credit for the course.

University Holidays

With the increasing diversity of the University community and the limited flexibility in setting the academic calendar, it is not possible to avoid conflicts with some religious and secular holidays that are very important to some members of our faculty, staff, and student body. However, the University is very sensitive to the special needs of those who need to observe such holidays and will make accommodations for them to make up the time missed if arrangements are made in advance.

The University is officially closed on New Year's Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas. In addition, some schools are closed for classes on Memorial Day, July 4th, and Labor Day, while others hold classes on those days. (See the appropriate academic calendar for specifics.)

Other holidays affecting University community members include Martin Luther King Day, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, the first two days of Passover, Good Friday, and Easter Sunday. In consideration of their significance for our students, students who observe these holidays will be given an opportunity to make up missed work in both laboratories and lecture courses. If a test or examination is given on the first class day after one of these holidays, it must not cover material introduced in class on that holiday. Faculty and staff should be aware that Jewish and Islamic holidays begin at sunset on the evening before the published date of the holiday.

The University recognizes that there are other holidays, both religious and secular, which are of importance to some individuals and groups on campus. Such occasions include, but are not limited to, Sukkoth, the last two days of Passover, Shavuot, Shemini Atzerat and Simchat Torah, as well as the Islamic New Year, Ra's al-sana and the Islamic holidays Eid-al-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha.

Students who wish to observe any such holidays must inform their instructors within the first two weeks of each semester of their intent to observe the holiday, even when the exact date of the holiday will not be known until later, so that alternative arrangements convenient to both the student and the instructor can be made at the earliest opportunity. Students who make such arrangements will not be required to attend classes or take examinations on the designated days, and faculty must provide reasonable opportunities for such students to make up missed work and examinations. To facilitate this, faculty will announce and distribute all anticipated test and examination dates on the course syllabus, distributed at the beginning of each semester. Students should be aware that faculty may need to adjust these dates as necessary.

Examination

Most classes have examinations at the close of each term, according to a published schedule.

Each student is responsible for taking final examinations as scheduled. No rescheduling, excuse for absence, and/or provision for making up final examinations will occur without the written approval of the student's dean. Such approval shall be made only for illness certified by a physician, participation in authorized University activities, and/or personal emergencies such as death in the family.

Appeals of the rulings associated with the administration of these regulations shall be directed to the student's dean and, if necessary, through that dean to the academic council of the faculty concerned.

Evaluation

Instructors establish grading criteria for their courses and prepare and submit the final course reports (using the grades defined under Grading Policies) to the University Registrar for recording. In the event of a question about the accuracy of the recorded grade, a student should direct inquiries to the instructor.

It is recognized that each class and each student in a class has unique characteristics that the instructor alone is in the best position to evaluate; consequently, except in unusual circumstances, formal appeals to others concerning the evaluation on which a grade is based are not appropriate.

If unusual circumstances appear to have existed that could have affected the evaluation, the student should first bring the matter to the attention of the instructor (if available). If that informal inquiry is impossible, or if its results are disputed, the student may next bring the matter to the attention of the department chair and the instructor, jointly. In the event of continued dispute, the student may formally petition the dean of the student's school who, in consultation with department faculty, may present the matter to the academic council for a decision.

Grading Policies

The level of student's performance in classwork and examinations is indicated by letters. A (excellent), B (good), C (average), and D (poor) indicate that the work has been passed. The foregoing grades may be accompanied by a plus (+) or minus (-) to indicate a relative position within the grade category. P shows credit has been earned in a pass/fail course, and Z shows that a course was audited. S and U indicate satisfactory or unsatisfactory performance in nonacademic courses. W indicates that the student withdrew from a course with a passing average. Marks indicating failure and included as such in the grade point average are F, M (withdrew from a course with a failing average), and V (failure because of excessive absences). The X indicates that the grade is not available from the instructor.

I and Y mean that coursework has not been completed by the end of the term. The I, which provisionally counts as a failing grade, is given when the reasons for incomplete work are deemed unjustifiable by the instructor. The work is to be made up by the date the instructor specifies, but no later than 45 calendar days from the last day of the term in which the I was given. If the work is not made up during the grace period, the I will be converted to F. The Y, which does not count as a failing grade, is given when the reasons for incomplete work are deemed justifiable by the instructor, or at the end of the first term of a course that continues into a succeeding term. There is no deadline for completion of the work unless the instructor so specifies. In the case of an I or Y, once the make-up grade is received, it appears to the right of the incomplete grade on the permanent record. In all cases, it is the student's responsibility to make arrangements for and progress toward the completion of an incomplete course.

Grade Availability

Grades are due to the registrar's office from instructors as specified in the academic calendar published annually by the Office of the University Registrar. They will be available to students as soon as possible after they have been received by the registrar's office. Students may access grades via the Internet by using BannerWeb. Students will need their student ID number and student PIN. Grades are deemed correct unless notification to the contrary is received by the University Registrar within three (3) months after the close of the term specified.

Credit and Grade Point Average

The University of Richmond uses the unit credit value. A unit is determined by a combination of factors that include contact time with a faculty member in a formal setting and expectations of independent student work through a nominal 15-week semester. One unit is the equivalent of 3.5 semester hours. Courses worth .25 units are graded pass/fail only and those worth 0 units are graded satisfactory/unsatisfactory.

The grade point average is based on two factors:

GPA Units- The accumulation of academic units that have grades to which grade point values are assigned; and

Grade Points- Given for each unit's grade according to this scale:

A+4.0B+3.3C+2.3D+1.3
A4.0B3.0C2.0D1.0
A-3.7B-2.7C-1.7D-0.7
F0.0I0.0V0.0

Calculation Points The grade point average is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points earned by the total number of GPA units. The grade point average is represented to two significant decimal figures.

The accumulations and average are shown each term on the permanent academic record and on the transcript. Also shown on these reports is the accumulation of earned units. Earned units are the academic units in which the student has earned passing grades, plus unit credit, if any, for accepted transfer work.

Academic Reports

Reports of the student's progress are prepared each term in the form of the permanent academic record. The information included is the record of the student's registration and grades, with such other information as may be deemed important. All courses taken at the University of Richmond become a part of the permanent academic record.

Work Taken Elsewhere

This section pertains to students who wish to take academic work elsewhere while actively pursuing a degree at the University of Richmond. Only coursework taken at an institution accredited by a regional accrediting agency or the international equivalent at the time the work was taken will be considered, and a grade or equivalent of C (2.0) or better must have been earned. The unit credit or equivalent as awarded at the other institution will be the units transferred. Units awarded are added into units earned for graduation, but grades are not calculated in the grade point average. (Individuals admitted as transfer students, please see the Advanced Standing section.) Students must complete 28 units of University of Richmond-approved work toward the undergraduate degree, which includes approved exchange and study abroad programs, approved visiting away and off-campus programs as well as courses taken through dual degree and cross-registration programs.

Study in the United States

The student is to obtain the approval of each department chair concerned before taking work elsewhere. The approvals ensure that the work is acceptable to the University, its departmental standards and the student's curriculum. The Office of the University Registrar provides a special form for this purpose and will also answer questions about the procedure.

School of Arts and Sciences
Jepson School of Leadership Studies

While students are expected to obtain approval before taking work elsewhere, work taken without prior approval may be accepted subject to transfer credit policies.

Robins School of Business

The Robins School of Business may approve for transfer credit those courses that meet the following criteria: The course is completed at an institution accredited by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB); the student receives a final course grade of at least C as verified by an official transcript; the approval of the appropriate department chair and dean is obtained. Approvals should be obtained prior to taking the coursework elsewhere. Courses completed at nonaccredited institutions generally are not accepted for credit. Grades for courses taken at another institution are not included in the calculation of the University's grade point average.

Study Abroad

Students wishing to study abroad should contact the Office of International Education for information about the range of opportunities and the procedures they must follow. The procedures ensure that academic work abroad will qualify for transfer credits to the University of Richmond. Only work taken through approved programs will be eligible for transfer credit. Further information about study abroad is presented in the chapter on International Education.

Visiting Student Status

Under certain circumstances, students, while not enrolled at the University of Richmond, are granted visiting student status. This status is based on attending a University-approved program of study. To determine if a domestic program is approved, contact the Office of the University Registrar; for study abroad programs, contact the Office of International Education.

Acceptance of Credit

Summer Study Abroad Programs

Only programs with a University of Richmond director or faculty that also are administered by the University are included in this category.

For academic record, degree progress, and grade point average purposes, coursework taken in these programs is treated as if the work were completed on campus except where noted in the program description. There are a number of University study abroad programs including programs in Argentina, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Peru, Spain, and Taiwan. All of the programs above are administered through the University of Richmond Summer School office.

Other Programs Abroad

Transfer credit will be awarded for pre-approved coursework at a regionally accredited (or international equivalent) institution in which a grade, or equivalent, of C (2.0) or better has been earned. Credit for coursework to be counted toward the major is subject to approval by the academic department concerned. No credit will be awarded for work taken elsewhere until an acceptably complete official transcript in English is received by the University Registrar directly from the institution providing the instruction or the approved agency coordinating the instruction. Such credit is recorded as academic units passed and is not computed in the student's grade point average.

Note: Students should contact the Office of International Education regarding summer abroad programs not offered by the University of Richmond.

Academic Standing

Students are expected to achieve in the classroom and make steady progress toward completion of degree requirements. Relevant designations are specified in the following sections.

Class Standings of Students

The class standing is established at first matriculation and is evaluated after grade posting for each subsequent term of enrollment. The standing is based on units passed including, if applicable, acceptable transfer and/or advanced standing credit. The standings are:

Year 10 - 6.82 units
Year 26.83 - 15.40 units
Year 315.41 - 23.97 units
Year 423.98 or more units

Dean's List

The Dean's List of Distinguished Students recognizes outstanding scholars for fall and spring semester.

School of Arts and Sciences
Robins School of Business
Jepson School of Leadership Studies

The student must complete at least 3.5 earned units for the semester (excluding P/F units), with no grade below a B- (2.7), and a minimum term GPA of 3.60.

Academic Deficiencies

Academic deficiencies are of two types: academic warning and academic probation.

Academic Warning

At any time when a student's overall grade point average falls below 2.00, the student automatically will be on academic warning. A student on academic warning should take active steps to improve academic performance.

Academic Probation

Academic reports are evaluated at the end of each grade-posting period. Regardless of the specific provisions for each school stated below, if at the end of any term a student's record reveals such significant deterioration in performance that extraordinary action is deemed appropriate by the dean of the student's school or college, that student may be placed on probation, limited in units of enrollment, or recommended for suspension from the school or college regardless of grade point average. In addition, such student may be restricted from participation in certain University activities. While suspended, students may not take classes at other institutions and transfer them back to University of Richmond.

Appeals of rulings associated with the administration of these regulations shall be directed to the relevant academic council.

School of Arts and Sciences
Robins School of Business

A student who falls below the following minimum accumulations of semester units and grade point average (GPA) will be placed automatically on academic probation:

Year 1 (0- 6.82 units passed)1.50 GPA
Year 2 (6.83-15.40 units passed)1.70 GPA
Year 3 (15.41-23.97 units passed)1.85 GPA
Year 4 (23.98 or more units passed)2.00 GPA

If at the end of the second consecutive semester* of enrollment after being placed on academic probation, the student fails to meet the minimum standard based on units then passed, the student shall be allowed to enroll for no more than two units of academic work per regular semester or during the entire summer. Such a student has a maximum of four units of work attempted in which to achieve the minimum requirement. Otherwise, he or she will be suspended from the School of Arts and Sciences or the School of Business.

The above provisions notwithstanding, the dean of the student's college, in circumstances which seem to warrant such action, may allow the student to continue as a full-time student on probation for a single additional semester.

* Work taken during an entire summer, provided 3.5 units or more are attempted, shall count as a regular semester.

Jepson School of Leadership Studies

A student will be placed on academic probation when the student's leadership studies GPA falls below 2.0 or the student earns a grade below C- (1.7) in a leadership studies course. While on academic probation, a student's participation in athletics, debating, dramatic or musical organizations, as well as their representation of the University in any public capacity, may be restricted.

If the student does not meet academic standards in the following semester, he or she will be dismissed from the program in leadership studies. The student may request a one-semester extension of the probationary status. The appeal should be directed to associate dean for academic affairs of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies. If granted and the student does not meet all standards after the probationary year, he or she will be dismissed from the program in leadership studies. Any further appeals should be directed to the dean of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies. Upon review of the student's record and any additional information, the dean will render a final decision.

Withdrawal from the University

Students who plan to withdraw from the University of Richmond must submit an official withdrawal letter to their Dean. The Dean's Office will notify the appropriate offices of the student's withdrawal from the University of Richmond including the actual withdrawal date.

Readmission to the University

Students who have withdrawn from the University for whatever reason, other than participating in an approved study abroad, exchange, or visiting away program, and wish to return must make their request for readmission in writing to the dean of the appropriate academic school. Students seeking readmission to the School of Arts and Sciences should contact the dean of Richmond College (men) or dean of Westhampton College (women). Students seeking readmission to the Robins School of Business or the Jepson School of Leadership Studies should contact the associate dean of that school.

Graduation

Qualifications

To graduate a student must meet certain qualifications described below.

Curriculum and Achievement

A candidate for the Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, or Bachelor of Science in Business Administration degree must satisfactorily complete all degree requirements (see Summary of Degree Requirements section) and 35 units. Undergraduate degree candidates must earn a grade point average of not less than 2.00 on all coursework attempted and must receive credit for attendance at assemblies and convocations, as required.

Time Limits

School of Arts and Sciences

There is no time limit in regard to the completion of general education requirements. In the event of catalog changes, a student may choose to fulfill admission and general education requirements for graduation from a subsequent catalog provided all of the requirements of the chosen catalog are met.

Robins School of Business and
Jepson School of Leadership Studies

A student must complete the requirements for the degree, as stated in the catalog at the time of entrance, within five years from the date of original entry. Reinstatement to a program after five years requires permission of the academic council of the student's school. If an extension of time is granted, the student may be required to satisfy the degree requirements in effect at the time of reentrance.

Changes in Catalog Information

Caution: The course offerings and requirements of the University of Richmond are under continual examination and revision. This catalog is not a contract; it merely presents the offerings and requirements in effect at the time of publication and in no way guarantees that the offerings and requirements will not change. The University specifically reserves the right to change requirements for any major, minor, and/or program, and to implement them during any particular year.

The student assumes full responsibility for compliance with all academic requirements. Current course offerings may be obtained from the appropriate department. Current major, minor, program, and degree requirements may be obtained from the University Registrar; the deans' offices of the Schools of Arts and Sciences, Business, and Leadership Studies, and Richmond and Westhampton Colleges; or from the department chair of the appropriate department.

In the event the University adopts new general education and/or major, minor, and program requirements, efforts will be made to accommodate hardships during the transition period.

Declaration of Majors/Minors

All undergraduate degrees at the University of Richmond require satisfactory completion of one major. Multiple majors and/or minors for a single degree also may be pursued, and upon completion will be recorded on the permanent academic record. For dual degree requirements, refer to the Dual Bachelor's Degree section. With the exception of leadership studies, students have the option to declare a major as early as the end of the first year. They are encouraged to declare during the second year, and are expected to declare by the end of the second year.

All declarations of majors and minors must be received in the Office of the University Registrar during the two-week add/drop period to be effective for that term. Declarations received after add/drop will not be processed until the end of the term. For procedures on how to declare majors and/or minors both in the home school and between schools, contact the Office of the University Registrar.

Undergraduate Work Taken After Graduation

Students who have graduated from an accredited college or university and who wish to take undergraduate courses in the liberal arts and sciences during the academic year, but not for degree purposes, should apply to the Office of Admission for acceptance as an unclassified student. Permission to take such classes may be granted on a space-available basis and with due regard for prior achievements. Application for such undergraduate work to be taken in the summer will be received by the summer school office.

Additional majors or minors may be completed after graduation and recorded subject to the following: the student must have a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, or Bachelor of Science in Business Administration degree from the University of Richmond; all work required to complete the additional major or minor subsequent to graduation must be taken at the University in the School of Arts and Sciences, Robins School of Business, or Jepson School of Leadership Studies; the academic department concerned must certify that the major or minor is complete; and the student must complete the work within two years of graduation unless additional time is granted by the major or minor department concerned, and the department notifies the University Registrar.

Work at the University

To earn an undergraduate degree, a student must complete 28 units of University of Richmond approved work which includes exchange and study abroad programs, approved visiting away, dual-degree and off-campus programs as well as courses taken through cross-registration (transfer students will have this requirement prorated-see section on Transfer Credit).

A student must have completed at least 17.5 units of acceptable coursework required for the degree in residence at the undergraduate School of Arts and Sciences, Robins School of Business or Jepson School of Leadership Studies. The last eight units are expected to be included within the 17.5 units.

In no case may a student count more than 17.5 units from a single subject area toward the minimum number of units necessary for graduation. Students may not apply more than four courses from the School of Continuing Studies towards their degree.

Robins School of Business

All transfer students, as part of their degree requirements, must complete at least 12 units of coursework in business/economics within the Robins School of Business.

Jepson School of Leadership Studies

At least 10 of the required 17.5 residence units required for a degree must be taken in the Jepson School of Leadership Studies

Financial/Administrative Responsibilities

No degree is conferred if the student's responsibilities to the University are in an unsatisfactory condition. Responsibilities in this sense include financial and administrative matters such as, but not limited to, delinquent payments, parking fines, or overdue library books.

Degree Application

To graduate a student must file a degree application with the Office of the University Registrar. Degree applications are to be filed by the second Friday in September for the coming May or August commencement. Those enrolled only in the spring file by the first Friday in February. Students enrolled only in the summer culminating in their graduation file by the third Friday in June. Students planning to graduate in December should file a degree application by the first Friday in February.

If degree requirements are not completed prior to the intended graduation date, the student must file a new degree application according to the schedule above.

Degree applications are available online via BannerWeb and in the Office of the University Registrar.

Attendance At Commencement

Students are required to attend the commencement ceremony for the award of the degree in person except by decision of the University not to do so. A student who expects to have a degree awarded at the spring commencement may request absentia status from the graduation ceremony by explaining in writing the circumstance which prevents participation. Students who have a degree application on file and anticipate summer completion of degree requirements are also expected to participate in the spring graduation ceremony. Students who expect to complete degree requirements in December may participate in the spring commencement either prior to or following their December completion. If a winter or summer degree candidate does not intend to participate in the ceremony a written statement requesting absentia must be submitted. The request for absentia must be received by the University Registrar no later than eight working days before the ceremony. The registrar will notify the degree candidate of the status granted by the University. Unless approved for absentia status a candidate for graduation who does not participate in the commencement ceremony does not graduate. Such candidate may graduate by again filing a degree application and by following the appropriate graduation attendance policy.

August degrees are conferred as of the date specified in the academic calendar, and diplomas are mailed to those qualified. December degrees are conferred as of the date specified in the academic calendar. Diplomas for December graduates are mailed to students who have previously participated in the commencement ceremony. Those who will be participating in a future ceremony will receive their diploma at that time.

Note: No degree is conferred if the student's responsibilities to the University have not been met. These responsibilities include, but are not limited to, such matters as the payment of fees, parking fines and library fines, and the return of library books.

Degree With Honors (Latin Honors)

General academic honors of three ranks are awarded to members of the graduating classes on the basis of their grade point average on work completed at the University of Richmond.

School of Arts and Sciences
Jepson School of Leadership Studies
Robins School of Business

Cum Laude3.40 - 3.59
Magna Cum Laude3.60 - 3.79
Summa Cum Laude3.80 - 4.00

Second Undergraduate Degree

A student may earn more than one undergraduate degree either consecutively or concurrently in relation to another undergraduate degree provided the degrees are not alike, e.g., not two B.A.s or two B.S.s. For information on completing one degree with multiple majors, see Declaring Majors/Minors above.

The following policies apply to any student seeking a second undergraduate degree.

Consecutive Bachelor's Degree

A consecutive bachelor's degree is one which is begun after a first degree has been conferred or after the degree requirements for the first degree have been recorded as completed on the student's permanent academic record.

A student who wishes to pursue the second bachelor's degree consecutively shall apply to the dean of the school concerned. (Arts and Sciences students should contact the dean of the appropriate coordinate college.) The dean shall make a decision for admission based on the quality of prior work, the favorable recommendation of the intended major department, and space availability. Once admitted, the student's grade point average shall be based only on the work taken at the University of Richmond while pursuing the second degree. The student's dean may limit or deny further registration if the quality of the student's work indicates that at least a 2.00 average will not have been achieved by the time the student has attempted 9 units. A student admitted for a consecutive degree shall be considered a member of the senior class for registration purposes.

To earn a consecutive bachelor's degree, a student must achieve at least a 2.00 grade point average on a minimum of nine additional units of resident academic coursework selected from the catalog of courses. Courses in which a student-opted Pass is earned shall not count in the nine units. In addition, general education requirements appropriate to the degree being sought, as well as requirements for the major, must be met satisfactorily. Work taken for the preceding degree may be considered as transfer credit for the purpose of meeting these requirements; however, at least half of the major must be taken at the University of Richmond, and all other degree requirements must be met as outlined under Graduation, including the 17.5-unit residency requirement.

A student who completes the requirements for the consecutive degree is ineligible for Latin honors, and will not be assigned a graduating class rank.

Concurrent (Dual) Bachelor's Degrees

Dual bachelor's degrees are two different bachelor's degrees that are pursued concurrently and completed at the same time.

A student who wishes to pursue two bachelor's degree concurrently shall notify the dean of his or her school promptly after the decision is reached. (Arts and Sciences students should contact the dean of the appropriate coordinate college.) Students in the Robins School of Business or the Jepson School of Leadership Studies who desires a second undergraduate degree in the arts and sciences must receive the approval of the dean of the appropriate coordinate college as well as the sanction of the dean of their home school. Even when approved for the second degree, such student remains a member of their home school for academic, administrative and extracurricular purposes.

When two degrees are being sought concurrently, the grade point average computation and all academic policies are administered on the basis of the then-accumulated work for both degrees.

To earn concurrent bachelor's degrees, a student must complete 44 units of academic work plus the additional degree requirements with at least 28.5 units taken at the University of Richmond. In addition, the general education requirements appropriate to each degree being sought, as well as requirements for the majors, must be completed satisfactorily. At the proper time, two degree applications must be submitted simultaneously to the University Registrar. Latin honors, if earned, will be shown on both degrees.

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